Constitutional Provision

Constitution of the Arab Republic of Egypt: 18 January 2014, Part 2 Foundations of Society, Chapter 2 Economic Foundations, Art. 45


• Stilt, K, ‘Constitutional Innovation and Animal Protection in Egypt’ Law and Social Inquiry (forthcoming 2017). (update)

• World Animal Protection, ‘Animal Protection Index’, available at (15 February 2017).

• Makhluf, HM, Al-Rifq Bil-Hayawan Fi Din al-Islam (al-Matba’at al-Madani 1964).