India

Constitutional Provision

“Art. 51A (g) of the Constitution of the Republic of India:

It shall be the duty of every citizen of India—

[…]

(g) to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures;”

Available at: http://lawmin.nic.in/olwing/coi/coi-english/coi-4March2016.pdf

Cases

• Animal Welfare Board of India v A Nagaraja and Others (2014) 7 SCC 547

Case Summary  •  Case Text

Centre for Environmental Law WWF-I v Union of India and Others (2013) 8 SCC 234

Case Summary  •  Case Text

TN Godavarman v Union of India (2012) 3 SCC 277

Case Text

State of Gujarat v Mirzapur Moti Kureshi Kassab Jamat (2005) 8 SCC 534

Case Summary  •  Case Text

Indian Handicrafts Emporium v Union of India and Others (2003) 7 SCC 589

Case Summary  •  Case Text

Bibliography

• Austin, G, Working a Democratic Constitution: A History of the Indian Experience (OUP 1999).

• Jacobsohn, GJ, ‘An Unconstitutional Constitution: A Comparative Perspective’ (2006) 4.3 ICON 460.
Jaswal, N, ‘Fundamental Duties’ in Katz, SN, (ed.), Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History (OUP 2009).

• Madan, TN, ‘Wither Indian Secularism’ (1993) 27.3 Modern Asian Studies 667.

• Venugopal, V, ‘Jallikattu Villages Say Only a Party that Respects Tamil Sentiment Will Be Voted to Power’ (3 May 2016) The Times of India: Economic Times.