Constitutional Provision

“All have the right to an ecologically balanced environment, which is an asset of common use and essential to a healthy quality of life, and both the Government and the community shall have the duty to defend and preserve it for present and future generations.

Paragraph 1. In order to ensure the effectiveness of this right, it is incumbent upon the Government to:


VII – protect the fauna and the flora, with prohibition, in the manner prescribed by law, of all practices which represent a risk to their ecological function, cause the extinction of species or subject animals to cruelty.”

Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil: 5 October 1988 (as Amended to 11 April 2008) Title VIII The Social Order, Chapter VI The Environment, Art. 225(1)(VII)

Available at:


• ADI 4.983/CE (12 Aug 2015) STF Vaquejada 2015

Case Summary    Original Case Text  •  English Translation

• ADI 1.856/RJ (26 June 2011) STF Brigas de Galo 2011

Case Summary    Original Case Text  •  English Translation

• ADI 3.776-5/RN (14 June 2007) STF Brigas de Galo 2007

Case Summary    Original Case Text  •  English Translation

• ADI 2.514-7/SC (29 June 2005) STF 
Brigas de Galo 2005

Case Summary    Original Case Text  •  English Translation

• RE No 153.531-8/SC (3 June 1997) STF
 Farra do Boi 1997

Case Summary    Original Case Text  •  English Translation


• Cassuto, DN, and Eckhardt, C, ‘Don’t Be Cruel (Anymore): A Look at the Animal Cruelty Regimes of the United States and Brazil with a Call for a New Animal Welfare Agency’ (2016) 43.1 Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review 1.

• Cassuto, DN, and Saville, S, ‘Hot, Crowded, and Legal: A Look at Industrial Agriculture in the United States and Brazil’ (2012) 18 Journal of Animal Law 185.

• Raworth, P, ‘The Federative Republic of Brazil: National Territories: Introductory Note’ in Raworth, P, (ed.), Oxford Constitutions of the World (OUP 2006) OCW CM 321.

• Rosenn, KS, ‘Procedural Protection of Constitutional Rights in Brazil’ (2011) 59 American Journal of Comparative Law 1009.

• Silva, TTDA, ‘Brazilian Animal Law Overview: Balancing Human and Non-Human Interests’ (2010) 6 Journal of Animal Law 81.